Are you planning to go to law School? This article will show you Law Courses and pre-law courses that you must study and also some of the Law subjects in high school.
In our category for lawyers, we have covered many topics on types of lawyers, highest paid lawyers and so much more but in this article, we are talking about Law Courses that come with becoming a lawyer.
How Many Law Courses Are Taught In Schools?
There are over 100 lists of subjects under law courses in high school and their area of expertise.
The law courses in any country come with 7+ professional law courses taught in higher institutions.
List Of Law Courses / Subjects
• Criminal Law
Criminal law is the body of law courses that relates to crime. It prescribes conduct perceived as threatening, harmful, or otherwise endangering to the property, health, safety, and moral welfare of people inclusive of one’s self.
Most criminal law is established by statute, which is to say that the laws are enacted by a legislature. Criminal law includes the punishment and rehabilitation of people who violate such laws.
Criminal law varies according to jurisdiction and differs from civil law, where the emphasis is more on dispute resolution and victim compensation, rather than on punishment or rehabilitation.
Criminal procedure is a formalized official activity that authenticates the fact of the commission of a crime and authorizes the punitive or rehabilitative treatment of the offender.
• International Law
International law, also known as public international law and law of nations, is the set of rules, norms, and standards generally recognized as binding between nations.
This law course establishes normative guidelines and a common conceptual framework for states across a broad range of domains, including war, diplomacy, trade, and human rights. International law aims to promote the practice of stable, consistent, and organized international relations.
• Labour Law
Labour law (also known as labor laws or employment laws) is a law course that mediates the relationship between workers, employing entities, trade unions, and the government.
Collective labor law relates to the tripartite relationship between employees, employers, and unions. Individual labor law concerns employees’ rights at work and also through the contract for work.
• Administrative Law
Administrative law is the division of law courses that governs the activities of executive branch agencies of government.
Administrative law concerns executive branch rulemaking (executive branch rules are generally referred to as “regulations”), adjudication, or the enforcement of laws. Administrative law is considered a branch of public law.
• Family Law
Family law (also called matrimonial law or the law of domestic relations) this law course is an area of the law that deals with family matters and domestic relations.
• Commercial Law
Commercial law, also known as mercantile law or trade law, is the body of law that applies to the rights, relations, and conduct of persons and businesses engaged in commerce, merchandising trade, and sales.
This law course is often considered to be a branch of civil law and deals with issues of both private law and public law.
• Tort Law Course
A tort, in common law jurisdiction, is a civil wrong (other than a breach of contract) that causes a claimant to suffer loss or harm, resulting in legal liability for the person who commits a tortious act.
It can include intentional infliction of emotional distress, negligence, financial loss, injury, invasion of privacy, and numerous other harms.
The word ‘tort’ stems from Old French via the Norman Conquest and Latin via the Roman Empire.
Tort law involves claims in an action seeking to obtain a private civil remedy, typically monetary damages.
Tort claims may be compared to criminal law, which deals with criminal wrongs that are punishable by the state.
A wrongful act, such as an assault and battery, may result in both a civil lawsuit and a criminal prosecution in countries where the civil and criminal legal systems are separate.
Tort law may also be contrasted with contract law, which also provides civil remedies after breaching of a duty that arises from a contract; but whereas the contractual obligation is one agreed to by the parties, obligations in both tort and criminal law are more fundamental and are imposed regardless of whether the parties have a contract.
In both contract and tort, successful claimants must show that they have suffered foreseeable loss or harm as a direct result of the breach of duty.
• Constitutional Law
Constitutional law is a body of law course which defines the role, powers, and structure of different entities within a state, namely, the executive, the parliament or legislature, and the judiciary; as well as the basic rights of citizens and, in federal countries such as the United States and Canada, the relationship between the central government and state, provincial, or territorial governments.
• Environmental Law
Environmental law is a collective term encompassing aspects of the law that provide protection to the environment.
A related but distinct set of regulatory regimes, now strongly influenced by environmental legal principles, focus on the management of specific natural resources, such as forests, minerals, or fisheries.
Other areas, such as environmental impact assessment, may not fit neatly into either category, but are nonetheless important components of environmental law.
• Civil Procedure
Civil procedure is the body of law that sets out the rules and standards that courts follow when adjudicating civil lawsuits (as opposed to procedures in criminal law matters).
These rules govern how a lawsuit or case may be commenced; what kind of service of process (if any) is required; the types of pleadings or statements of case, motions or applications, and orders allowed in civil cases; the timing and manner of depositions and discovery or disclosure; the conduct of trials; the process for judgment; the process for post-trial procedures; various available remedies; and how the courts and clerks must function.
A contract is a legally enforceable agreement that creates, defines, and governs mutual rights and obligations among its parties.
A contract typically involves the exchange of goods, services, money, or a promise of any of those. In the event of a breach of contract, the injured party may seek judicial remedies such as damages or cancellation.
Contract law, the field of the law of obligations concerned with contracts, is based on the principle expressed in the Latin phrase pacta sunt servanda, ( “agreements must be kept”).
Criminology is the law course that focuses on the study of crime and deviant behavior.
Criminology is an interdisciplinary field in both the behavioral and social sciences, which draws primarily upon the research of sociologists, political scientists, economists, psychologists, philosophers, psychiatrists, biologists, social anthropologists, as well as scholars of law.
• Property Law Course
Property law is the area of law that governs the various forms of ownership in real property (land) and personal property. Property refers to legally protected claims to resources, such as land and personal property, including intellectual property.
Property can be exchanged through contract law, and if a property is violated, one could sue under tort law to protect it.
• Conflict Of Laws
Conflict of laws (also called private international law) is the set of rules or laws a jurisdiction applies to a case, transaction, or other occurrences that has connections to more than one jurisdiction.
This body of law course deals with three broad topics: jurisdiction, rules regarding when it is appropriate for a court to hear such a case; foreign judgments, dealing with the rules by which a court in one jurisdiction mandates compliance with a ruling of a court in another jurisdiction; and choice of law, which addresses the question of which substantive laws will be applied in such a case.
These issues can arise in any private-law context, but they are especially prevalent in contract law and tort law.
• Health Law
Health law is a field of law study in high school that encompasses federal, state, and local law, rules, regulations, and other jurisprudence among providers, payers, and vendors to the healthcare industry and its patients, and delivery of healthcare services, with an emphasis on operations, regulatory and transactional issues.
• Legal Education
Legal education is the education of individuals in the principles, practices, and theory of law.
It may be undertaken for several reasons, including to provide the knowledge and skills necessary for admission to legal practice in a particular jurisdiction, to provide a greater breadth of knowledge to those working in other professions such as politics or business, to provide current lawyers with advanced training or greater specialization, or to update lawyers on recent developments in the law.
• Competition Law
Competition law is the field of law study that promotes or seeks to maintain market competition by regulating anti-competitive conduct by companies.
Competition law is implemented through public and private enforcement. Competition law is known as “antitrust law” in the United States. It is also known as “anti-monopoly law” in China and Russia, and in previous years was known as “trade practices law” in the United Kingdom and Australia. In the European Union, it is referred to as both antitrust and competition law.
• Legal Practice
Legal practice is sometimes used to distinguish the body of judicial or administrative precedents, rules, policies, customs, and doctrines from legislative enactments such as statutes and constitutions which might be called “laws” in the strict sense of being commands to the general public, rather than only to a set of parties.
• Introduction To Legal Concepts
The Introduction to Legal Concepts is a law course that can serve as an introductory legal course. The course is designed for beginner-level professionals who are looking to pursue a career in the field of law.
The course covers many fundamental topics and concepts such as criminal law, types, and layers of courts, types of trials and juries, and appellate courts.
• Insurance Law
Insurance law is the practice of law surrounding insurance, including insurance policies and claims.
It can be broadly broken into three categories – regulation of the business of insurance; regulation of the content of insurance policies, especially with regard to consumer policies; and regulation of claim handling.
Pre-Law Courses To Study As A Lawyer
• Political Science
Political science is the scientific study of politics. It is a social science dealing with systems of governance and power, and the analysis of political activities, political thought, political behavior, and associated constitutions and laws.
Criminology, is the scientific study of the nonlegal aspects of crime and delinquency, including its causes, correction, and prevention, from the viewpoints of such diverse disciplines as anthropology, biology, psychology and psychiatry, economics, sociology, and statistics.
Sociology is a social science that focuses on society, human social behavior, patterns of social relationships, social interaction, and aspects of culture associated with everyday life.
It uses various methods of empirical investigation and critical analysis: 3–5 to develop a body of knowledge about social order and social change.
Philosophy is the study of general and fundamental questions, such as those about existence, reason, knowledge, values, mind, and language.
Philosophical methods include questioning, critical discussion, rational argument, and systematic presentation.
Economics is “the social science that studies the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services.”
Economics focuses on the behavior and interactions of economic agents and how economies work.
Law Subjects In Law School
Dispute resolution or dispute settlement is the process of resolving disputes between parties. The term dispute resolution is sometimes used interchangeably with conflict resolution, although conflicts are generally more deep-rooted and lengthy than disputes.
Dispute resolution techniques assist in the resolution of antagonisms between parties that can include citizens, corporations, and governments.
• Consumer Protection
Consumer protection is the practice of safeguarding buyers of goods and services, and the public, against unfair practices in the marketplace.
Consumer protection measures are often established by law. Such laws are intended to prevent businesses from engaging in fraud or specified unfair practices in order to gain an advantage over competitors or to mislead consumers.
They may also provide additional protection for the general public which may be impacted by a product (or its production) even when they are not the direct purchaser or consumer of that product.
For example, government regulations may require businesses to disclose detailed information about their products—particularly in areas where public health or safety is an issue, such as with food or automobiles.
Consumer protection is linked to the idea of consumer rights and to the formation of consumer organizations, which help consumers make better choices in the marketplace and pursue complaints against businesses.
Entities that promote consumer protection include government organizations (such as the Federal Trade Commission in the United States), self-regulating business organizations (such as the Better Business Bureaus in the US, Canada, England, etc.), and non-governmental organizations that advocate for consumer protection laws and help to ensure their enforcement (such as consumer protection agencies and watchdog groups).
The law of evidence, also known as the rules of evidence, encompasses the rules and legal principles that govern the proof of facts in a legal proceeding.
These rules determine what evidence must or must not be considered by the trier of fact in reaching its decision. The trier of fact is a judge in bench trials or the jury in any case involving a jury.
The law of evidence is also concerned with the quantum (amount), quality, and type of proof needed to prevail in litigation. The rules vary depending on whether the venue is a criminal court, civil court, or family court, and they vary by jurisdiction.
The quantum of evidence is the amount of evidence needed; the quality of proof is how reliable such evidence should be considered. Important rules that govern admissibility concern hearsay, authentication, relevance, privilege, witnesses, opinions, expert testimony, identification, and rules of physical evidence.
There are various standards of evidence, standards showing how strong the evidence must be to meet the legal burden of proof in a given situation, ranging from reasonable suspicion to preponderance of the evidence, clear and convincing evidence, or beyond a reasonable doubt.
There are several types of evidence, depending on the form or source. Evidence governs the use of testimony (e.g., oral or written statements, such as an affidavit), exhibits (e.g., physical objects), documentary material, or demonstrative evidence, which are admissible (i.e., allowed to be considered by the trier of fact, such as jury) in a judicial or administrative proceeding (e.g., a court of law).
When a dispute, whether relating to a civil or criminal matter, reaches the court there will always be a number of issues that one party will have to prove in order to persuade the court to find in his or her favor.
The law must ensure certain guidelines are set out in order to ensure that evidence presented to the court can be regarded as trustworthy..
• IT Law
Information technology law (also called cyberlaw) concerns the law of information technology, including computing and the internet.
It is related to legal informatics and governs the digital dissemination of both (digitized) information and software, information security, and electronic commerce aspects and it has been described as “paper laws” for a “paperless environment”.
It raises specific issues of intellectual property in computing and online, contract law, privacy, freedom of expression, and jurisdiction.
• Land Law
Land law is the form of law that deals with the rights to use, alienate, or exclude others from the land. In many jurisdictions, these kinds of property are referred to as real estate or real property, as distinct from personal property.
Land use agreements, including renting, are an important intersection of property and contract law.
Encumbrance of the land rights of one, such as an easement, may constitute the land rights of another. Mineral rights and water rights are closely linked, and often interrelated concepts.
Above is a list of Law Courses and pre-law courses to study online and their subjects to become a lawyer.